Copyright is a form of intellectual property protection like trademark and patents. A copyright is a legal right given by the law to creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. Copyright give the owner of the work certain safeguard to ensure the intellectual work is protected and creativity is rewarded. Copyright includes a bundle of right like the rights of reproduction, communication to the public, adaptation and translation of the work.
In India, Copyrights are registered under The Copyright Act, 1957. The Copyright Act, 1957 protects original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and cinematograph films and sound recordings from unauthorized uses. However, ideas, procedures, methods of operation or mathematical concepts cannot be copyrighted. Copyright is a right given by the law to creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. In fact, it is a bundle of rights including, inter alia, rights of reproduction, communication to the public, adaptation and translation of the work. There could be slight variations in the composition of the rights depending on the work.
Benefits of Copyright Registration
- Prima Facie Evidence
Copyright protection provides a prima facie evidence in case if the litigation arises. The proof is essential to attest to anything in the court of law; hence copyright registration is very beneficial for creators.
- Protection Extended Even After The Creators Death
Copyright’s protection is not restricted up to the original creators’ life span; its validity is longer than any other intellectual property. It is secured for the creators’ lifespan and 60 years after his/her death.
- Public Record
When the registration of copyright is done, a definite public record is created that helps the original creator to establish his ownership over the said copyright.
- For Filing a Case For Infringement
An individual cannot sue for copyright infringement unless he/she has a registered copyright. Registration gives the copyright holder the official right to file for infringement and claim for damages.
Documents required for Copyright registration in India
- Personal Details of the Applicant
- Nature of the Work / Business of the Applicant
- Publication Date
What all things are Protected under a Copyright?
It basically protects the expression of ideas (e.g. words & illustrations), alone it cannot be protected. The following may be protected under copyright law:
- Literary works (e.g., written books, computer programs, website)
- Dramatic works (e.g., scripts for films and dramas)
- Musical works (e.g., melodies)
- Artistic works (e.g., paintings, photographs)
- Published editions
- Recorded Sounds
- Movies, Films and telefilms
- Broadcasts on Radio and Television